Nuestra Señora del Carmen (Our Lady of Mount Carmel)
Maker and role
Artist: Arroyo Hondo Santero, New Mexican, active ca. 1825-40
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The stylized scallop shape on top of the retablo, a common design in Hispanic New Mexican religious works, is associated with Apostle Saint James and his shrine at Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. The shrine has been considered a great center of Christian pilgrimage since the eleventh century, next in importance to Jerusalem and Rome.