Houses on the Hill

Maker and role
Artist: Paul Cézanne, French, 1839-1906
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Object detail

Oil on canvas
23 3/8 x 31 3/8in (59.4 x 79.7cm)
Credit line
Bequest of Marion Koogler McNay
Accession number
Object type
Further information
Houses on the Hill exhibits Cézanne's confidence in using color during the last years of this life. With a fully loaded brush, he painted overlapping vertical blocks of various greens to describe foliage on the hillside. Using dark blue, he delineated the houses, bushes in the foreground, and a hint of a boat at the right. Horizontal strokes of green, blue, and orange suggest a river bank. Subtle violets fill in the planes of the houses, and a jumble of light blue floods the sky above the hill.

Though considered an Impressionist painter in the 1870s, Cézanne ultimately achieved a strength and solidity of form not present in most Impressionist works. His influence on Matisse and Picasso changed the course of modern art.
Cézanne: Son Art, Son Œuvre; Lionello Venturi; 1936; 1528
Milestones in French Painting; The Lefevre Gallery; 1939; no. 4
19th Century French Paintings: March, 1940; 1940; no. 2
Great Masterpieces of Art: Inagural Exhibit: Los Angeles County Art Institute Gallery; 1957; no. 28
Cézanne; 1959; no. 56
From Gauguin to Gorky in Cullinan Hall; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; 1960; no. 9
Art in the Making: Colby College Art Museum, July 14- September 25, 1966; James Carpenter (b.1949); 1966
The Structurist; no. 13/14 (1973-74)
Tout L'oeuvre Peint de Cézanne; Gaëtan Picon (b.1915, d.1976); 1975; no. 719
Search for New Arts; Charles Biederman (American, b.1906, d.2004); 1979; pl. 84
Cézanne; 1982; no. 25
La Révolution Cubiste; Serge Fauchereau; 1982; p. 28; pl.23
La Provence de Cézanne; Maurice Guillaud (b.1931), Jacqueline Guillaud (b.1934, d.1990); 1989; no. 45
Paul Cézanne; Karen Wilikin; 1996
Inside Art: Culture, History, Expression, Book 2; Rebecca Brooks; 1992; p. 176
Modern Art at the McNay: A Brief History and Pictorial Survey of the Collection; William J. Chiego; 2001; 47
From the Private Collections of Texas: European Art, Ancient to Modern; Richard Brettell (b.1949); 2009
Subject period
Docent information sheet
V:\Object Documentation\Paintings\1950.23 Cezanne\Collections of Texas 2009.pdf


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