Graphite, ink, and watercolor on paper
Gift of The Tobin Endowment
Opera by Gaetano Donizetti. Produced at Teatro Sociale, Mantua
In the 1800s, advances in pigments used to paint wings and drops contributed to more colorful scene designs. New lighting technologies, such as the brighter burning Argand lamp, enhanced the vividness of scene painting and facilitated dramatic lighting effects. Romolo Liverani's designs for the Teatro Sociale in Mantua exemplify these trends. In the night scene in Donizetti's Lucrezia Borgia, golden lamplight from a Renaissance palazzo glows against the dark blue sky.
Romolo Liverani (Italian, b.1809, d.1872)